Faculté des sciences

Adaptive block-size transform coding for image compression

Bracamonte, Javier ; Ansorge, Michael ; Pellandini, Fausto

In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP97), 1997, vol. 4, p. 2721-2724

In this paper we report the results of an adaptive block-size transform coding scheme that is bascd on the sequential JPEG algorithm. This minimum information-overhead method implies a transform coding technique with two différent block sizes: N x N and 2N x 2N pixels. The input image is divided into blocks of 2N x 2N pixels and each of these bocks is... More

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    Summary
    In this paper we report the results of an adaptive block-size transform coding scheme that is bascd on the sequential JPEG algorithm. This minimum information-overhead method implies a transform coding technique with two différent block sizes: N x N and 2N x 2N pixels. The input image is divided into blocks of 2N x 2N pixels and each of these bocks is classified according to its image activity. Depending on this classification, either four N-point or a sngle 2N-point 2-D DCT is applied on the block. The purpose of the algorithm is te take advantage of large uniform régions that can be coded as a single large unit instead of four small units — as it is made by a fixed block-size scheme. For the same reconstruction quality, the results of the adaptive algorithm show a significant improvement of the compression ratio with respect to the non-adaptive scheme.