Faculté des sciences

Mono and oligonuclear vanadium complexes as catalysts for alkane oxidation : synthesis, molecular structure, and catalytic potential

Süss-Fink, Georg ; Gonzalez Cuervo, Laura ; Therrien, Bruno ; Stoeckli-Evans, Helen ; Shul’pin, Georgiy B.

In: Inorganica Chimica Acta, 2004, vol. 357, p. 475-484

A series of mono- and oligonuclear vanadium(V) and vanadium(IV) complexes containing various chelating N,O-, N3-, and O2-ligands have been prepared. The biphasic reaction of an aqueous solution of ammonium vanadate and a dichloromethane solution of hexamethylphosphoramide (hmpa) and pyrazine-2-carboxylic acid (pcaH) or pyrazine-2,5-dicarboxylic acid... Plus

Ajouter à la liste personnelle
    Summary
    A series of mono- and oligonuclear vanadium(V) and vanadium(IV) complexes containing various chelating N,O-, N3-, and O2-ligands have been prepared. The biphasic reaction of an aqueous solution of ammonium vanadate and a dichloromethane solution of hexamethylphosphoramide (hmpa) and pyrazine-2-carboxylic acid (pcaH) or pyrazine-2,5-dicarboxylic acid (pdcaH2) or pyridine-2,5-dicarboxylic acid (pycaH2) yields yellow crystals of [VO2 (pca)(hmpa)] (1), [(VO2)2(pdca)(hmpa)2] (2), and [VO2(pycaH)(hmpa)] (3), respectively. The single-crystal X-ray structure analyses reveal 1 and 3 to be mononuclear vanadium(V) complexes, in which a VO2 unit coordinates to one nitrogen and one oxygen atom of a pca or pycaH chelating ligand, and 2 to be a dinuclear vanadium(V) complex, in which two VO2 units are coordinated through one nitrogen and one oxygen atom of a pdca bridging ligand; in the three complexes the vanadium atoms also coordinate to the oxygen atom of a hmpa ligand. The reaction of N,N,N′,N′-tetrakis(2-benzimidazolylmethyl)-2-hydroxo-1,3-diaminopropane (hptbH) and VOSO4 in methanol gives the cationic complex [(VO)4(hptb) 2(μ-O)]4+ (4), which can be crystallized as the perchlorate salt. In this tetranuclear complex, two dinuclear vanadium(IV) units are held together by a μ-oxo bridge. The known complex [VOCl2 (tmtacn)] (5) was synthesized from the reaction of 1,4,7-trimethyl-1,4,7-triazacyclononane (tmtacn) and VCl3 in acetonitrile; the reaction of tetrabutylammonium vanadate with pyro-cathecol (catH2) in acetonitrile gives the known anionic complex [V(cat)3] (6), in which the vanadium(V) center is bonded to three cat chelating ligands through the oxygen atoms, obtained as the tetrabutylammonium salt. All compounds synthesized are highly efficient oxidation catalysts for the reaction of cyclohexane with air and hydrogen peroxide in the presence of four equivalents of pcaH per vanadium, although the catalytic activity of the complexes containing bulky chelating ligands 4 and 5 is somewhat lower in the initial period of the reaction. During this period the active species are formed from the complexes and final turnover numbers are high. The catecholate ligands of complex 6 may reduce from V(V) to V(IV) in the beginning of the process, thus providing very high initial oxidation rates.