Faculté des sciences

Induction of (1→3,1→4)-ß-D-Glucan hydrolases in leaves of dark-incubated barley seedlings

Roulin, Samuel ; Buchala, Antony J. ; Fincher, Geoffrey B.

In: Planta, 2002, vol. 215(1), p. 51 - 59

When seedlings of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) were transferred from a natural light/dark cycle into darkness, (1M3,1M4)-#-D-glucan endohydrolase (EC 3.2.1.73) activity in leaf extracts increased 3- to 4-fold after 2 days. Activity decreased to normal levels within a day if the light/dark cycle was restored. Although there are two (1M3,1M4)-#-D-glucan endohydrolase... Plus

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    Summary
    When seedlings of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) were transferred from a natural light/dark cycle into darkness, (1M3,1M4)-#-D-glucan endohydrolase (EC 3.2.1.73) activity in leaf extracts increased 3- to 4-fold after 2 days. Activity decreased to normal levels within a day if the light/dark cycle was restored. Although there are two (1M3,1M4)-#-D-glucan endohydrolase isoenzymes in barley, the increased enzyme activity in dark-grown seedlings was attributable entirely to increases in isoenzyme EI. Northern hybridization analyses confirmed that mRNA transcripts encoding (1M3,1M4)-#-D-glucan endohydrolase isoenzyme EI accumulated in the leaves of dark-incubated seedlings; no isoenzyme EII mRNA was detected. Activity of #-D-glucan glucohydrolases also increased 10-fold after 2 days of dark treatment. The latter, broad-specificity enzymes release glucose from (1M3,1M4)-#-D-glucans and from #-D-oligoglucosides released by (1M3,1M4)-#-D-glucan endohydrolases. Consistent with the activity patterns of these enzymes, the (1M3,1M4)-#-D-glucan content of leaf cell walls decreased by about 30% when barley seedlings were transferred into darkness. Soluble sugars in the leaves decreased by about 60% during the same period. Because no measurable leaf elongation was detected during the various light/dark treatments, the enzymes were unlikely to be participating in wall loosening and cell elongation. Instead, the results suggest that cell wall (1M3,1M4)-#-D-glucans can be re-mobilized in the non-elongating, dark-incubated leaves and the glucose so generated could serve as an energy source under conditions of sugar depletion.