Faculté de psychologie et des sciences de l'éducation

Personality under stress : who gets angry and why? Individual differences in cognitive appraisal and emotion

Wranik, Tanja ; Scherer, Klaus Rainer (Dir.)

Thèse de doctorat : Université de Genève, 2005 ; FPE 336.

We conducted three experiments in a carefully designed emotion induction procedure, a dyadic "social intelligence test", and examined if a specific personality variable, "explanatory style", would systematically influence cognitive evaluations of causal attribution and blame. We predicted that individuals who generally attribute causality of negative situations externally (Externals) would be... Plus

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    Summary
    We conducted three experiments in a carefully designed emotion induction procedure, a dyadic "social intelligence test", and examined if a specific personality variable, "explanatory style", would systematically influence cognitive evaluations of causal attribution and blame. We predicted that individuals who generally attribute causality of negative situations externally (Externals) would be more likely to blame the partner for poor performance in the test and to report anger than those who generally attribute causality of negative situations internally (Internals). Although we found that Externals were more likely to blame the partner than Internals, we also found that Internals reported more anger than Externals. However, anger reported by Internals was primarily directed at the self, whereas anger reported by Externals was often directed at the interaction partner. Other results suggest that blaming may partially be an emotion regulation strategy. Implications for understanding of anger and work relationships are discussed.