Faculté des sciences

Spin-excitations of the quantum Hall ferromagnet of composite fermions

Doretto, Ricardo L. ; Goerbig, Mark O. ; Lederer, P. ; Caldeira, A. O. ; Morais Smith, Cristiane de

In: Physical Review B, 2005, vol. 72, p. 035341

The spin excitations of a fractional quantum Hall system are evaluated within a bosonization approach. In a first step, we generalize Murthy and Shankar's Hamiltonian theory of the fractional quantum Hall effect to the case of composite fermions with an extra discrete degree of freedom. Here, we mainly investigate the spin degrees of freedom, but the proposed formalism may be useful also in the... Plus

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    Summary
    The spin excitations of a fractional quantum Hall system are evaluated within a bosonization approach. In a first step, we generalize Murthy and Shankar's Hamiltonian theory of the fractional quantum Hall effect to the case of composite fermions with an extra discrete degree of freedom. Here, we mainly investigate the spin degrees of freedom, but the proposed formalism may be useful also in the study of bilayer quantum-Hall systems, where the layer index may formally be treated as an isospin. In a second step, we apply a bosonization scheme, recently developed for the study of the two-dimensional electron gas, to the interacting composite-fermion Hamiltonian. The dispersion of the bosons, which represent quasiparticle-quasihole excitations, is analytically evaluated for fractional quantum Hall systems at ν=1/3 and ν=1/5. The finite width of the two-dimensional electron gas is also taken into account explicitly. Furthermore, we consider the interacting bosonic model and calculate the lowest-energy state for two bosons. In addition to a continuum describing scattering states, we find a bound-state of two bosons. This state is interpreted as a pair excitation, which consists of a skyrmion of composite fermions and an antiskyrmion of composite fermions. The dispersion relation of the two-boson state is evaluated for ν=1/3 and ν=1/5. Finally, we show that our theory provides the microscopic basis for a phenomenological nonlinear σ model for studying the skyrmion of composite fermions.