Faculté des sciences

Chemical bonding in molecules and complexes containing d-elements based on DFT

Atanasov, Mihail ; Daul, Claude A. ; Fowe, E. Penka

In: Monatshefte für Chemie / Chemical Monthly, 2005, vol. 136(6), p. 925

Metal–ligand bonding in transition metal halide molecules and complexes with different central ions, oxidations states, and coordination numbers: CrIIIX₆³⁻, CrIVX₄, CrIIX₂ (X = F,Cl,Br,I), MIIICl₆³⁻(M = Mo,W), MIII(H₂O)₆³⁺(M = Cr,Co) and Re₂Cl₈²⁻ has been... Plus

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    Summary
    Metal–ligand bonding in transition metal halide molecules and complexes with different central ions, oxidations states, and coordination numbers: CrIIIX₆³⁻, CrIVX₄, CrIIX₂ (X = F,Cl,Br,I), MIIICl₆³⁻(M = Mo,W), MIII(H₂O)₆³⁺(M = Cr,Co) and Re₂Cl₈²⁻ has been studied in terms of the Extended Transition State (ETS) energy patitioning scheme within the DFT and electron density analysis (the Laplacian of the electron density and the electronic localization function). Bonding is found to be dominated by ionicity in all cases, especially so for complexes with higher coordination numbers. Covalent contributions to the metal–ligand bond are found to be mainly due to the nd-electrons and to lesser extent due to the metal (n + 1)s and (n + 1)p-orbitals, contributions from (n+1)s increasing when going to lower coordination numbers. Metal–ligand bonding analysis have been used in order to check some concepts emerging from ligand field theory when applied to the spectroscopy and magnetism of transition metal complexes. It is pointed out that for complexes of high symmetry (MX₆, Oh, MX₄, Td, and MX₂, Dh) electron density analyses gain interpretative power when partitioned into contributions from occupied orbitals of different symmetry.