Faculté des lettres

Cross-cultural preliminary validation of a measure of social vulnerability in people with intellectual disabilities

Tabin, Mireille ; Diacquenod, Cindy ; De Palma, Nicola ; Gerber, Fabienne ; Straccia, Claudio ; Wilson, Carlene ; Kosel, Markus ; Petitpierre, Geneviève

In: Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 2020, p. 1-13

Background: Social vulnerability refers to the ways in which an individual is at risk of being victimised. The Test of Interpersonal Competences and Personal Vulnerability [TICPV] is an Australian assessment tool designed for adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) [Wilson et al. (1996). Vulnerability to criminal exploitation: Influence of interpersonal competence differences among people with... More

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    Summary
    Background: Social vulnerability refers to the ways in which an individual is at risk of being victimised. The Test of Interpersonal Competences and Personal Vulnerability [TICPV] is an Australian assessment tool designed for adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) [Wilson et al. (1996). Vulnerability to criminal exploitation: Influence of interpersonal competence differences among people with mental retardation. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 40, 8–16. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.1996.tb00597.x]. It aims to evaluate their social vulnerability. This study aims to conduct a preliminary cross-cultural validation of the TV-22, the French-language, enhanced and accessible version of the TICPV. Method: Twenty-nine French-speaking adults with ID answered the TV-22. The reliability and validity of this measure were assessed. Results: Performance on the test was shown to be internally consistent (Cronbach’s α = .89; McDonald’s Ω = .93), stable over time (r s(29) = .81, p <.01) and a valid measure of social vulnerability. Conclusions: Results provide psychometric support for the use of the TV-22. Further research is needed to confirm these results with a larger sample.