## A 2-approximation for the maximum satisfying bisection problem

### Ries, Bernard ; Zenklusen, Rico

### In: European Journal of Operational Research, 2011, vol. 210, no. 2, p. 169-175

Given a graph G =(V, E), a satisfying bisection of G is a partition of the vertex set V into two sets V1, V2, such that |V1| = |V2|, and such that every vertex v in V has at least as many neighbors in its own set as in the other set. The problem of deciding whether a graph G admits such a partition is NP-complete. In Bazgan et al. (2008) [C. Bazgan, Z. Tuza, D. Vanderpooten, Approximation of... More

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- Given a graph G =(V, E), a satisfying bisection of G is a partition of the vertex set V into two sets V1, V2, such that |V1| = |V2|, and such that every vertex v in V has at least as many neighbors in its own set as in the other set. The problem of deciding whether a graph G admits such a partition is NP-complete. In Bazgan et al. (2008) [C. Bazgan, Z. Tuza, D. Vanderpooten, Approximation of satisfactory bisection problems, Journal of Computer and System Sciences 75 (5) (2008) 875–883], the authors present a polynomial-time 3-approximation for maximizing the number of satisﬁed vertices in a bisection. It remained an open problem whether one could ﬁnd a (3 - c)-approximation, for c > 0 (see Bazgan et al. (2010) [C. Bazgan, Z. Tuza, D. Vanderpooten, Satisfactory graph partition, variants, and generalizations, European Journal of Operational Research 206 (2) (2010) 271–280]). In this paper, we solve this problem by presenting a polynomial-time-approximation algorithm for the maximum number of satisﬁed vertices in a satisfying bisection.