Faculté des sciences et de médecine

Entropy-cooled nonequilibrium states of the Hubbard model

Werner, Philipp ; Li, Jianju ; Golež, Denis ; Eckstein, Martin

In: Physical Review B, 2019, vol. 100, no. 15, p. 155130

We show that the recently proposed cooling-by-doping mechanism allows one to efficiently prepare interesting nonequilibrium states of the Hubbard model. Using nonequilibrium dynamical mean field theory and a particle-hole symmetric setup with dipolar excitations to full and empty bands we produce cold photodoped Mott insulating states with a sharp Drude peak in the optical conductivity, a ... More

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    Summary
    We show that the recently proposed cooling-by-doping mechanism allows one to efficiently prepare interesting nonequilibrium states of the Hubbard model. Using nonequilibrium dynamical mean field theory and a particle-hole symmetric setup with dipolar excitations to full and empty bands we produce cold photodoped Mott insulating states with a sharp Drude peak in the optical conductivity, a superconducting state in the repulsive Hubbard model with an inverted population, and η -paired states in systems with a large density of doublons and holons. The reshuffling of entropy into full and empty bands not only provides an efficient cooling mechanism, it also allows one to overcome thermalization bottlenecks and slow dynamics that have been observed in systems cooled by the coupling to boson baths.