Faculté des sciences et de médecine

Magnetic-field uniformity in neutron electric-dipole-moment experiments

Abel, C. ; Ayres, N. J. ; Baker, T. ; Ban, G. ; Bison, G. ; Bodek, K. ; Bondar, V. ; Crawford, C. B. ; Chiu, P.-J. ; Chanel, E. ; Chowdhuri, Z. ; Daum, M. ; Dechenaux, B. ; Emmenegger, S. ; Ferraris-Bouchez, L. ; Flaux, P. ; Geltenbort, P. ; Green, K. ; Griffith, W. C. ; Grinten, M. van der ; Harris, P. G. ; Henneck, R. ; Hild, N. ; Iaydjiev, P. ; Ivanov, S. N. ; Kasprzak, M. ; Kermaidic, Y. ; Kirch, K. ; Koch, H.-C. ; Komposch, S. ; Koss, P. A. ; Kozela, A. ; Krempel, J. ; Lauss, B. ; Lefort, T. ; Lemiere, Y. ; Leredde, A. ; Mohanmurthy, P. ; Pais, D. ; Piegsa, F. M. ; Pignol, G. ; Quéméner, G. ; Rawlik, M. ; Rebreyend, D. ; Ries, D. ; Roccia, S. ; Rozpedzik, D. ; Schmidt-Wellenburg, P. ; Schnabel, A. ; Severijns, N. ; Virot, R. ; Weis, Antoine ; Wursten, E. ; Wyszynski, G. ; Zejma, J. ; Zsigmond, G.

In: Physical Review A, 2019, vol. 99, no. 4, p. 042112

Magnetic-field uniformity is of the utmost importance in experiments to measure the electric dipole moment of the neutron. A general parametrization of the magnetic field in terms of harmonic polynomial modes is proposed, going beyond the linear- gradients approximation. We review the main undesirable effects of nonuniformities: depolarization of ultracold neutrons and Larmor frequency shifts... Di più

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    Summary
    Magnetic-field uniformity is of the utmost importance in experiments to measure the electric dipole moment of the neutron. A general parametrization of the magnetic field in terms of harmonic polynomial modes is proposed, going beyond the linear- gradients approximation. We review the main undesirable effects of nonuniformities: depolarization of ultracold neutrons and Larmor frequency shifts of neutrons and mercury atoms. The theoretical predictions for these effects were verified by dedicated measurements with the single-chamber neutron electric-dipole-moment apparatus installed at the Paul Scherrer Institute.