How does the collection and use of private data slow the development of eHealth solutions and which are the recommendations that can speed up innovation of eHealth solutions ?

Schuhmann Dos Santos, Antonio Joao ; Eggimann, Marc-André (Dir.)

Mémoire de bachelor : Haute école de gestion de Genève, 2018 ; TDEE 375.

The concept of eHealth was created in the late 1990s to automate and optimise healthcare. Even though various eHealth technologies exist nowadays, only some of them are available to consumers, while similar technologies are actually being used in other industries, such as the transportation industry. The aim of this paper is to understand how personal data can impact the development of eHealth... Mehr

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    Summary
    The concept of eHealth was created in the late 1990s to automate and optimise healthcare. Even though various eHealth technologies exist nowadays, only some of them are available to consumers, while similar technologies are actually being used in other industries, such as the transportation industry. The aim of this paper is to understand how personal data can impact the development of eHealth solutions in Europe, by doing literature research and giving recommendations. The role of computers and data has changed since the 1930s, moving from the first large digital computer in 1939 to the current mobile connected devices that are able to process lots and lots of information in real time. In the past, stored data was difficult to access and use, while nowadays, people can easily access to all kinds of data anywhere and anytime. Not only the role of computers and data has changed, but also the healthcare sector. Today, healthcare workers can provide people with better healthcare by using new technologies, such as eHealth. EHealth automates and optimises medical services and tasks and improves the sharing of medical information. Nowadays, the healthcare sector faces many challenges regarding personal data. First of all, there is so much data that especially large companies do not even know how their data is being used and by whom. Secondly, cybercriminals have been stealing more and more personal data. Starting from 2017, the healthcare sector has become their main target, since health data is more valuable than credit card data. Next to this, consumers trust medical companies less to handle their personal data with care. Finally, new regulations force life science companies to be accountable for tracking personal data, which is very complicated due to the large amount of data. To accelerate the innovation speed of eHealth solutions, several steps can be taken. By handing out labels and giving certifications, medical solution makers do not have to prove the safety of their products anymore. Also, research on treatments, devices and drugs can be accelerated by using the latest data protection solutions, because data sharing will become easier. Furthermore, if life science companies adopt a subscription business model, they will have a constant flow of revenue allowing them to update their devices and software regularly. Last but not least, a joint eHealth association will enable the creation of cheaper and safer healthcare devices and software and after that, distribution at a quicker pace.