Faculté des sciences et de médecine

Nonequilibrium solid-solid phase transition in a lattice of liquid jets

Croccolo, Fabrizio ; Castellini, Stefano ; Scheffold, Frank ; Vailati, Alberto

In: Physical Review E, 2018, vol. 98, no. 6, p. 063104

Solid-solid phase transitions are commonly encountered at the atomic scale in alloys and in superatomic mesoscopic systems of colloidal particles. Here we investigate a solid-solid phase transition occurring at the macroscopic scale between lattices of liquid jets with different symmetries generated by convection in a horizontal layer of a binary liquid mixture. In the absence of a shear... More

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    Summary
    Solid-solid phase transitions are commonly encountered at the atomic scale in alloys and in superatomic mesoscopic systems of colloidal particles. Here we investigate a solid-solid phase transition occurring at the macroscopic scale between lattices of liquid jets with different symmetries generated by convection in a horizontal layer of a binary liquid mixture. In the absence of a shear stress, upwelling and downwelling jets arrange into two staggered square lattices with a spacing of approximately 3 mm. Applying a shear stress triggers a phase separation of the square patterns into two centered-rectangular lattices drifting into opposite directions, each lattice being made either by upwelling or downwelling jets. This structural phase transition is reversible. The macroscopic nature of the system allows us to investigate the kinetics of the transition by direct visualization with shadowgraphy. The mechanism of the transition depends on the path followed. It occurs through a nucleation and growth mechanism when the shear stress is imposed, and through a martensitic transformation of the lattice when the stress is removed.