Faculté des sciences
Accès public à partir du 1 mars 2019

First uncertainty evaluation of the FoCS-2 primary frequency standard

Jallageas, Antoine ; Devenoges, Laurent ; Petersen, M ; Morel, J ; Bernier, L. G ; Schenker, Dominique ; Thomann, Pierre ; Südmeyer, Thomas

In: Metrologia, 2018, vol. 55, no. 3, p. 366-385

We report the uncertainty evaluation of the Swiss continuous primary frequency standard FoCS-2 (Fontaine Continue Suisse). Unlike other primary frequency standards which are working with clouds of cold atoms, this fountain uses a continuous beam of cold caesium atoms bringing a series of metrological advantages and specific techniques for the evaluation of the uncertainty budget. Recent... Plus

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    Summary
    We report the uncertainty evaluation of the Swiss continuous primary frequency standard FoCS-2 (Fontaine Continue Suisse). Unlike other primary frequency standards which are working with clouds of cold atoms, this fountain uses a continuous beam of cold caesium atoms bringing a series of metrological advantages and specific techniques for the evaluation of the uncertainty budget. Recent improvements of FoCS-2 have made possible the evaluation of the frequency shifts and of their uncertainties in the order of 1 × 10−15. When operating in an optimal regime a relative frequency instability of 8 × 10−14 (τ/s) −1/2 is obtained. The relative standard uncertainty reported in this article, 1.99 × 10−15, is strongly dominated by the statistics of the frequency measurements.