Demenz, Depressionen und Aktivitäten des täglichen Lebens als Risikofaktoren von Stürzen bei Betagten

Gostynski, Michal ; Ajdacic-Gross, Vladeta ; Heusser-Gretler, Rolf ; Gutzwiller, Felix ; Michel, Jean-Pierre ; Herrmann, François

In: Sozial- und Präventivmedizin, 2001, vol. 46, no. 2, p. 123-130

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    Summary: Objectives: Falls among elderly are a well-recognised public health problem. The purpose of the present study was to explore the relation between dementia, number of depressive symptoms, activities of daily living, setting, and risk of falling. Methods: Data for the analysis came from a cross-sectional study about dementia, depression, and disabilities, carried out 1995/96 in Zurich and Geneva. The random sample stratified, by age and gender consisted of 921 subjects aged 65 and more. The interview was conducted by means of the Canberra Interview for the Elderly, extended by short questionnaire. The subject was classified as a faller if the subject and/or the informant had reported a fall within the last 12 months prior to the interview. Logistic-regression analysis was used to determine the independent impact of dementia, depressive symptoms, and ADL-score on risk of falling. Results: The stepwise logistic regression analysis has revealed a statistically significant association between dementia (OR 2.14, 95% Cl 1.15-3.96), two resp. three depressive symptoms (OR 1.64, 95% Cl 1.04-2.60) as well as four or more depressive symptoms (OR 2.64, 95% Cl 1.39-5.02) and the risk of falling. There was no statistically significant relationship between studied risk factors and the risk of being one-time faller. However, we found a strong positive association between dementia (OR 3.92, 95% Cl 1.75-8.79), four or more depressive symptoms (OR 3.90, 95% Cl 1.55-9.83) and the risk of being recurrent faller. Moreover, residents of nursing homes (OR 8.50, 95% Cl 2.18-33.22) and elderly aged 85 or more (OR 2.29, 95% Cl 1.08-4.87) were under statistically significant higher risk of sustaining recurrent falls. Conclusions: The results of the present study confirm that dementia and depression substantially increase the risk of falling