Bogota-VAC - A Newly Modified Temporary Abdominal Closure Technique

von Rüden, Christian ; Benninger, Emanuel ; Mayer, Dieter ; Trentz, Otmar ; Labler, Ludwig

In: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, 2008, vol. 34, no. 6, p. 582-586

Add to personal list
    Abstract : Background: : We present Bogota-VAC, a newly modified temporary abdominal closure (TAC) technique for open abdomen condition after abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). Methods: : A thin isolation bag (Bogota bag) and a vacuum assisted closure (VAC) system were combined. A matching bag was tension-free fixed on the abdominal fascia by fascia suture. A ring shaped black polyurethane foam of the VAC system was placed into the gap between Bogota bag, abdominal fascia and the wound edge. A constant negative topic pressure of 50-75 mmHg was used in the VAC system. Results: : Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP: 22 ± 2 mmHg) of four patients with ACS after severe traumatic brain injury and one patient with isolated ACS after blunt abdominal trauma decreased significantly (p = 0.01) after decompressive laparotomy and treatment with Bogota-VAC (IAP: 10 ± 2 mmHg) and remained low, measured via urinary bladder pressure. Intracranial pressure (ICP) in the four traumatic brain injury patients decreased from 42 ± 13 mmHg to 15 ± 3 mmHg after abdominal decompression. Cerebral perfusion pressure (57 ± 14 mmHg) increased to 74 ± 2 mmHg. Conclusion: : The advantage of the presented Bogota-VAC is leak tightness, wound conditioning (soft tissue/fascia), skin protection and facilitation of nursing in combination with highest volume reserve capacity (VRC), thus preventing recurrent increased intra-abdominal and intracranial pressure in the initial phase after decompression of ACS compared to other TAC techniques