Faculté des sciences

Extracting spectral properties from Keldysh Green functions

Dirks, Andreas ; Eckstein, Martin ; Pruschke, Thomas ; Werner, Philipp

In: Physical Review E, 2013, vol. 87, no. 2, p. 023305

We investigate the possibility to assist the numerically ill-posed calculation of spectral properties of interacting quantum systems in thermal equilibrium by extending the imaginary-time simulation to a finite Schwinger-Keldysh contour. The effect of this extension is tested within the standard maximum entropy approach to analytic continuation. We find that the inclusion of real-time data... Plus

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    Summary
    We investigate the possibility to assist the numerically ill-posed calculation of spectral properties of interacting quantum systems in thermal equilibrium by extending the imaginary-time simulation to a finite Schwinger-Keldysh contour. The effect of this extension is tested within the standard maximum entropy approach to analytic continuation. We find that the inclusion of real-time data improves the resolution of structures at high energy, while the imaginary-time data are needed to correctly reproduce low-frequency features such as quasiparticle peaks. As a nonequilibrium application, we consider the calculation of time-dependent spectral functions from retarded Green function data on a finite time interval, and compare the maximum entropy approach to direct Fourier transformation and a method based on Padé approximants.