Faculté des sciences

Membrane topology of yeast alkaline ceramidase YPC1

Ramachandra, Nagaraju ; Conzelmann, Andreas

In: Biochemical Journal, 2013, p. -

Ypc1p and Ydc1p are alkaline ceramide hydrolases, which reside in the ER. Ypc1p can catalyze the reverse reaction, i.e. the condensation of free fatty acids with phytosphingosine or dihydrosphingosine and overexpression of YPC1 or YDC1 can provide enough ceramide synthesis as to rescue the viability of cells lacking the normal acyl-CoA-dependent ceramide synthases. To better understand the... Plus

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    Summary
    Ypc1p and Ydc1p are alkaline ceramide hydrolases, which reside in the ER. Ypc1p can catalyze the reverse reaction, i.e. the condensation of free fatty acids with phytosphingosine or dihydrosphingosine and overexpression of YPC1 or YDC1 can provide enough ceramide synthesis as to rescue the viability of cells lacking the normal acyl-CoA-dependent ceramide synthases. To better understand the coexistence of acyl-CoA dependent ceramide synthases and ceramidases in the ER we investigated the membrane topology of Ypc1p by probing cysteine accessibility of natural and substituted cysteines with membrane non-permeating mass-tagged probes. The N- and C-terminal ends of Ypc1p are oriented towards the lumen and cytosol, respectively. Two of the 5 natural cysteines, Cys27 and Cys219, are essential for enzymatic activity and form a disulfide bridge. The data allow inferring that all amino acids of Ypc1p that are conserved in the pfam PF05875 ceramidase motif and the CREST superfamily are located in or near the ER lumen. Microsomal assays using a lysine-specific reagent show that the reverse ceramidase activity can only be blocked when the reagent has access to Ypc1p from the lumenal side. Overall the data suggest that the active site of Ypc1p resides at the lumenal side of the ER membrane.