Discomfort and costs in epistaxis treatment

Nikolaou, Georgios ; Holzmann, David ; Soyka, Michael

In: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, 2013, vol. 270, no. 8, p. 2239-2244

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    Epistaxis is a very common ENT event. Apart from the effectiveness of the different treatment options, the discomfort and the financial burden are of great importance. It has been the aim of this study to obtain data regarding the discomfort/pain of the epistaxis treatments and to calculate the financial burden. During the period between April 2010 and July 2011 epistaxis patients at our hospital had the opportunity to rate the discomfort/pain they experienced during their treatment on a 0-10 VAS scale. The costs of epistaxis treatments were calculated in an extended cohort. 84 VAS scores in 61 patients were acquired and the costs of treatment were calculated in 96 patients. The lowest VAS scores were found in chemical and electric coagulation with 1.5 and 2.0, respectively, followed by surgery (3.0), Rapid Rhino® packing (6.0) and balloon pack (7.5). The costs of treatments depended on whether the treatment was in an out- or inpatient setting. Surgery was not significantly more expensive than packing methods in the inpatient setting. Anterior epistaxis could be managed by local coagulation with an acceptable impact/cost ratio. At our institution, surgery was the most cost effective and the least troublesome procedure in posterior bleedings, preceded by Rapid Rhino® packing if required