Faculté des sciences

Ground-state Hanle effect based on atomic alignment

Breschi, Evelina ; Weis, Antoine

In: Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 2012, vol. 86, no. 5, p. 053427

We have studied the ground-state Hanle effect (GSHE) excited by linearly polarized laser light on the D₁ line of cesium atoms. We have solved algebraically the Liouville equation using the irreducible tensor formalism, and derive an analytical expression for the resonance line shapes in a magnetic field of arbitrary direction. The model predictions are in excellent agreement with experimental... Plus

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    Summary
    We have studied the ground-state Hanle effect (GSHE) excited by linearly polarized laser light on the D₁ line of cesium atoms. We have solved algebraically the Liouville equation using the irreducible tensor formalism, and derive an analytical expression for the resonance line shapes in a magnetic field of arbitrary direction. The model predictions are in excellent agreement with experimental observations in various field geometries. Our model is valid for arbitrary F→F transitions in the low-power limit. We discuss the relation between the GSHE and electromagnetically induced transparency or absorption. Our approach allows a full understanding of the mechanism of the GSHE and provides tools for quantifying the resonance contrast, a crucial parameter for metrological applications of level crossing resonances.