Remission rate of implant-related infections following revision surgery after fractures

Al-Mayahi, Mohamed ; Betz, Michael ; Müller, Daniel ; Stern, Richard ; Tahintzi, Phedon ; Bernard, Louis ; Hoffmeyer, Pierre ; Suvà, Domizio ; Uçkay, Ilker

In: International Orthopaedics, 2013, vol. 37, no. 11, p. 2253-2258

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    Summary
    Purpose: In contrast to a large amount of epidemiological data regarding the incidence of implant infections after fracture management, surprisingly few have been published concerning the success of their treatment. Methods: This was a single-centre cohort study at Geneva University Hospitals from 2000 to 2012 investigating the remission rates of orthopaedic implant infections after fracture repair and associated variables. Results: A total of 139 episodes were included: There were 51 women (37%) and 28 immunosuppressed (20%) patients with a median age and American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) score of 51years and 2 points, respectively. The infected implants were plates (n = 75, 54%), nails (24, 17%), wires (20), screws (10), cerclage cables or wires (3), hip screws (4) or material for spondylodesis (3). A pathogen was identified in 135 (97%) cases, including Staphylococcus aureus (73, 52%), coagulase-negative staphylococci (20), streptococci (7) and 19 Gram-negative rods. All patients underwent antibiotic treatment, and 128 (92%) remained in remission at a median follow-up time of 2.6years (range one to 13years). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the plate infections were significantly associated with lower remission rates [65/75, 87%, odds ratio (OR) 0.1, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.01-0.90]. No associations were found for gender, age, immune status, ASA score, additional surgical interventions (OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.1-4.1) or duration of antibiotic treatment (OR 1.0, 95% CI 0.98-1.01). Conclusions: Among all infected and removed orthopaedic implants, plates were associated with slightly lower remission rates, while the overall treatment success exceeded 90%. The duration of antibiotic therapy did not alter the outcome