Faculté des sciences

Amino acid modulation of lifespan and reproduction in Drosophila

Hoedjes, Katja M ; Rodrigues, Marisa A ; Flatt, Thomas

In: Current Opinion in Insect Science, 2017, vol. 23, p. 118–122

Manipulating amino acid (AA) intake in Drosophila can profoundly affect lifespan and reproduction. Remarkably, AA manipulation can uncouple the commonly observed trade-off between these traits. This finding seems to challenge the idea that this trade- off is due to competitive resource allocation, but here we argue that this view might be too simplistic. We also discuss the mechanisms of the... More

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    Summary
    Manipulating amino acid (AA) intake in Drosophila can profoundly affect lifespan and reproduction. Remarkably, AA manipulation can uncouple the commonly observed trade-off between these traits. This finding seems to challenge the idea that this trade- off is due to competitive resource allocation, but here we argue that this view might be too simplistic. We also discuss the mechanisms of the AA response, mediated by the IIS/TOR and GCN2 pathways. Elucidating how these pathways respond to specific AA will likely yield important insights into how AA modulate the reproduction-lifespan relationship. The Drosophila model offers powerful genetic tools, combined with options for precise diet manipulation, to address these fundamental questions.