CC chemokine CCL5 plays a central role impacting infarct size and post-infarction heart failure in mice

Montecucco, Fabrizio ; Braunersreuther, Vincent ; Lenglet, Sébastien ; Delattre, Benedicte M.A. ; Pelli, Graziano ; Buatois, Vanessa ; Guilhot, Florence ; Galan, Katia ; Vuilleumier, Nicolas ; Ferlin, Walter ; Fischer, Nicolas ; Vallée, Jean-Paul ; Kosco-Vilbois, Marie ; Mach, François

In: European Heart Journal, 2012, vol. 33, no. 15, p. 1964-1974

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    Aims The chemokine CCL5 plays a critical role as neutrophil and macrophage activator do in atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction. Thus, we investigated whether the treatment with a neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb) to mouse CCL5 would provide therapeutic benefit when provoking a coronary-associated ischaemic event. Methods and Results C57Bl/6 mice were submitted to left coronary artery permanent ligature. Then, various parameters were monitored for up to 21 days. At5 min and 3days after coronary occlusion, mice received one intravenous injection of the rat anti-mouse CCL5 mAb or isotype IgG control. Infarct size was assessed histologically and by measuring serum cardiac troponin I levels. Kinetics of CCL5 tissue expression, leucocyte infiltration, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) levels, and collagen deposition were histologically assessed. Serum chemokine levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Cardiac function and dimensions were assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Chronic ischaemia increased both circulating and intracardiac levels of CCL5. At 24 h, treatment with the anti-CCL5 mAb resulted in a smaller infarct size and reduced circulating levels of chemokines. This effect was associated with reduction of neutrophil and macrophage infiltration within the infarcted myocardium. After 3 days of chronic ischaemia, anti-CCL5 mAb treatment reduced cardiac MMP-9. At 7 days, collagen content was significantly lower. At 21 days, neutralizing CCL5 improved mouse survival, cardiac myocyte size, and cardiac function. Conclusion Treatment with anti-CCL5 mAb significantly reduced both infarct size and post-infarction heart failure in a mouse model of chronic cardiac ischaemia. Cardioprotective effects were associated with the reduction of leucocyte recruitment within infarcted hearts