Lack of large-angle TT correlations persists in WMAP and Planck

Copi, Craig J. ; Huterer, Dragan ; Schwarz, Dominik J. ; Starkman, Glenn D.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2015, vol. 451, no. 3, p. 2978-2985

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    The lack of large-angle correlations in the observed microwave background temperature fluctuations persists in the final-year maps from Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) and the first cosmological data release from Planck. We find a statistically robust and significant result: p-values for the missing correlations lying below 0.24per cent (i.e. evidence at more than 3σ) for foreground cleaned maps, in complete agreement with previous analyses based upon earlier WMAP data. A cut-sky analysis of the Planck HFI 100 GHz frequency band, the ‘cleanest CMB channel' of this instrument, returns a p-value as small as 0.03per cent, based on the conservative mask defined by WMAP. These findings are in stark contrast to expectations from the inflationary Lambda cold dark matter model and still lack a convincing explanation. If this lack of large-angle correlations is a true feature of our Universe, and not just a statistical fluke, then the cosmological dipole must be considerably smaller than that predicted in the best-fitting model