000030409 001__ 30409
000030409 005__ 20150420164417.0
000030409 0248_ $$aoai:doc.rero.ch:20121004143954-UV$$punifr$$ppostprint$$prero_explore$$particle$$zthesis_urn$$zcdu57$$zreport$$zthesis$$zbook$$zjournal$$zcdu16$$zpreprint$$zcdu1$$zdissertation$$zcdu34
000030409 041__ $$aeng
000030409 080__ $$a57
000030409 100__ $$aKumschick, Sabrina$$uDepartment of Botany and Zoology, Centre of Excellence for Invasion Biology, University of Stellenbosch, South Africa
000030409 245__ $$9eng$$aWhat determines the impact of alien birds and mammals in Europe?
000030409 269__ $$c2012-09-28
000030409 520__ $$9eng$$aAn often-cited reason for studying the process of invasion by alien species is that the understanding sought can be used to mitigate the impacts of the invaders. Here, we present an analysis of the correlates of local impacts of established alien bird and mammal species in Europe, using a recently described metric to quantify impact. Large-bodied, habitat generalist bird and mammal species that are widespread in their native range, have the greatest impacts in their alien European ranges, supporting our hypothesis that surrogates for the breadth and the amount of resources a species uses are good indicators of its impact. However, not all surrogates are equally suitable. Impacts are generally greater for mammal species giving birth to larger litters, but in contrast are greater for bird species laying smaller clutches. There is no effect of diet breadth on impacts in birds or mammals. On average, mammals have higher impacts than birds. However, the relationships between impact and several traits show common slopes for birds and mammals, and relationships between impact and body mass and latitude do not differ between birds and mammals. These results may help to anticipate which species would have large impacts if introduced, and so direct efforts to prevent such introductions.
000030409 695__ $$9eng$$aBird ; Clutch size ; Diet breadth ; Exotic ; Habitat breadth ; Invasion ; Litter size ; Mammal ; Species traits
000030409 700__ $$aBacher, Sven$$uUnit Ecology and Evolution, Department of Biology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
000030409 700__ $$aBlackburn, Tim M.$$uInstitute of Zoology, ZSL, Regent’s Park, London, UK - Distinguished Scientist Fellowship Program, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
000030409 773__ $$g2012///-$$tBiological Invasions
000030409 775__ $$gPublished version$$ohttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10530-012-0326-6
000030409 8564_ $$fbac_wdi.pdf$$qapplication/pdf$$s169159$$uhttp://doc.rero.ch/record/30409/files/bac_wdi.pdf$$yorder:1$$zpdf
000030409 918__ $$aFaculté des sciences$$bDécanat, Ch. du Musée 6A, 1700 Fribourg$$cBiologie
000030409 919__ $$aUniversité de Fribourg$$bFribourg$$ddoc.support@rero.ch
000030409 980__ $$aPOSTPRINT$$bUNIFR$$fART_JOURNAL
000030409 990__ $$a20121004143954-UV