A comparison of trends in mortality from primary liver cancer and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in Europe

Bertuccio, P. ; Bosetti, C. ; Levi, F. ; Decarli, A. ; Negri, E. ; La Vecchia, C.

In: Annals of Oncology, 2013, vol. 24, no. 6, p. 1667-1674

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    Summary
    Background To update and compare mortality from primary liver cancer (PLC) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) in Europe in 1990-2010. Materials and methods We used data from the World Health Organization (WHO) to compute age-standardized (world population) mortality rates, and used joinpoint analysis to identify substantial changes. Results Between 2002 and 2007, PLC rates in the European Union (EU) declined from 3.9 to 3.6/100 000 men. Around 2007, the highest male rates were in France (6.2/100 000), Spain (4.9), and Italy (4.0), while the lowest ones were in Sweden (1.1), the Netherlands (1.2), and the UK (1.8). In women, mortality was lower (0.8/100 000 in 2007 in the EU), and showed more favourable trends, with a decline of over 2% per year over the last two decades as compared with 0.4% in men, in the EU. In contrast, the EU mortality from ICC increased by around 9% in both sexes from 1990 to 2008, reaching rates of 1.1/100 000 men and 0.75/100 000 women. The highest rates were in UK, Germany, and France (1.2-1.5/100 000 men, 0.8-1.1/100 000 women). Conclusions PLC mortality has become more uniform across Europe over recent years, with an overall decline; in contrast, ICC mortality has substantially increased in most Europe