Improving mitral valve coaptation with adjustable rings: outcomes from a European multicentre feasibility study with a new-generation adjustable annuloplasty ring system†

Maisano, Francesco ; Falk, Volkmar ; Borger, Michael A. ; Vanermen, Hugo ; Alfieri, Ottavio ; Seeburger, Joerg ; Jacobs, Stefan ; Mack, Michael ; Mohr, Friederich W.

In: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 2013, vol. 44, no. 5, p. 913-918

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    Summary
    OBJECTIVES To evaluate the performance and safety of an adjustable semi-rigid annuloplasty ring for mitral regurgitation (MR) in a multicentre study. METHODS Between March 2010 and December 2011, 30 subjects underwent mitral valve (MV) repair using the Cardinal adjustable annuloplasty ring. This device is a semi-rigid ring allowing postimplantation size adjustment, under beating-heart conditions, to optimize leaflet coaptation under echocardiographic guidance. Coaptation length was determined before and after adjustment by transoesophageal echocardiography. RESULTS The study enrolled 21 (70%) male and 9 (30%) female subjects with a mean age of 64 years. The approach was conventional midline sternotomy or mini-invasive right thoracotomy. Leaflet resection was done in 17 subjects, and chordal repair was used in 13. Concomitant procedures included coronary artery bypass grafting in 2 (7%) subjects, atrial ablation in 4 (13%) and tricuspid repair in 4 (13%). There was 1 (3%) early death unrelated to the study device. Intraoperative ring adjustment was performed in 24 of the 30 subjects. Residual MR was detected prior to adjustment in 6 subjects (4 mild and 2 moderate MR). Following adjustment, 5 subjects had no MR and 1 had trace MR. After adjustment, mean coaptation length improved from 7 ± 3 to 10 ± 3 mm (P < 0.0001). All patients who completed 1-year follow-up had less-than-mild MR, with the exception of 1 patient with ring dehiscence (and resultant 2+ MR) and 1 functional MR patient who developed recurrent 2+ MR due to persistent leaflet tethering. CONCLUSIONS MV repair with the Cardinal adjustable annuloplasty ring is a reliable technique that enables the adjustment of the ring diameter on a beating heart under echocardiographic control. Such technology allows the optimization of leaflet coaptation, providing minimal residual MR and durable repair