Adherence to guidelines in the clinical care for adults with congenital heart disease: The Euro Heart Survey on Adult Congenital Heart Disease

Engelfriet, Peter ; Tijssen, Jan ; Kaemmerer, Harald ; Gatzoulis, Michael A. ; Boersma, Eric ; Oechslin, Erwin ; Thaulow, Erik ; Popelová, Jana ; Moons, Philip ; Meijboom, Folkert ; Daliento, Luciano ; Hirsch, Rafael ; Laforest, Valérie ; Thilén, Ulf ; Mulder, Barbara

In: European Heart Journal, 2006, vol. 27, no. 6, p. 737-745

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    Aims To investigate the role of guidelines in structuring the clinical care for adult patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), and to assess adherence to the guidelines in Europe. Methods and results A selected number of current guidelines were chosen pertaining to operative procedures, investigations, and the use of medication (‘interventions'). The source for this analysis was the database of the Euro Heart Survey on adult CHD, which contains retrospectively collected data on 4110 patients followed-up for a median of 5.1 years. For each guideline investigated, patients were selected from the database for whom the particular guideline was relevant. The selected cases were classified according to two criteria: was there an indication for the particular intervention and did the intervention take place? In this manner, cases of ‘undue treatment' and ‘insufficient treatment' were identified. Adherence to guidelines was found to be good in the case of operative procedures and prophylactic drug treatment. However, regarding diagnostic procedures there had been adherence to guidelines in only slightly more than half of the cases. Conclusion Guidelines have an important role in the actual clinical care of adults with CHD. However, large outcome studies are needed to develop more precise guidelines