Faculté des sciences

Bimetallic ruthenium–tin chemistry: Synthesis and molecular structure of arene ruthenium complexes containing trichlorostannyl ligands

Therrien, Bruno ; Thai, Trieu-Tien ; Freudenreich, Julien ; Süss-Fink, Georg ; Shapovalov, Sergey S. ; Pasynskii, Alexandr A. ; Plasseraud, Laurent

In: Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, 2010, vol. 695, no. 3, p. 409-414

A series of neutral, anionic and cationic arene ruthenium complexes containing the trichlorostannyl ligand have been synthesised from SnCl2 and the corresponding arene ruthenium dichloride dimers [(η6-arene)Ru(μ2-Cl)Cl]2 (arene = C6H6, PriC6H4Me). While the reaction with triphenylphosphine... Plus

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    Summary
    A series of neutral, anionic and cationic arene ruthenium complexes containing the trichlorostannyl ligand have been synthesised from SnCl2 and the corresponding arene ruthenium dichloride dimers [(η6-arene)Ru(μ2-Cl)Cl]2 (arene = C6H6, PriC6H4Me). While the reaction with triphenylphosphine and stannous chloride only gives the neutral mono(trichlorostannyl) complexes [(η6-C6H6)Ru(PPh3)(SnCl3)Cl] (1) and [(η6-PriC6H4Me)Ru(PPh3)(SnCl3)Cl] (2), the neutral di(trichlorostannyl) complex [(η6-PriC6H4Me)Ru(NCPh)(SnCl3)2] (3) could be obtained for the para-cymene derivative with benzonitrile as additional ligand. By contrast, the analogous reaction with the benzene derivative leads to a salt composed of the cationic mono(trichlorostannyl) complex [(η6-C6H6)Ru(NCPh)2(SnCl3)]+ (5) and of the anionic tris(trichlorostannyl) complex [(η6-C6H6)Ru(SnCl3)3] (6). On the other hand, [(η6-PriC6H4Me)Ru(μ2-Cl)Cl]2 reacts with SnCl2 and hexamethylenetetramine hydrochloride or 18-crown-6 to give the anionic di(trichlorostannyl) complex [(η6-PriC6H4Me)Ru(SnCl3)2Cl] (4), isolated as the hexamethylenetetrammonium salt or the chloro-tin 18-crown-6 salt. The single-crystal X-ray structure analyses of 1, 2, [(CH2)6N4H][4], [(18-crown-6)SnCl][4] and [5][6] reveal for all complexes a pseudo-tetrahedral piano-stool geometry with ruthenium–tin bonds ranging from 2.56 (anionic complexes) to 2.60 Å (cationic complex).