Diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography coronary angiography and evaluation of stress-only single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography hybrid imaging: comparison of prospective electrocardiogram-triggering vs. retrospective gating

Husmann, Lars ; Herzog, Bernhard A. ; Gaemperli, Oliver ; Tatsugami, Fuminari ; Burkhard, Nina ; Valenta, Ines ; Veit-Haibach, Patrick ; Wyss, Christophe A. ; Landmesser, Ulf ; Kaufmann, Philipp A.

In: European Heart Journal, 2009, vol. 30, no. 5, p. 600-607

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    Aims To determine diagnostic accuracy, effective radiation dose, and potential value of computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) for hybrid imaging with single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) comparing prospective electrocardiogram (ECG)-triggering vs. retrospective ECG-gating. Methods and results Two hundred patients underwent standard myocardial stress/rest- SPECT perfusion imaging, which served as standard of reference. One hundred consecutive patients underwent 64-slice CTCA using prospective ECG-gating, and were compared with 100 patients who had previously undergone CTCA using retrospective ECG-gating. For predicting ischaemia, CTCA with prospective ECG-triggering and a stenosis cut-off >50% had a per-vessel sensitivity, specificity, negative, and positive predictive value of 100, 84, 100, and 30%; respective values for CTCA with retrospective ECG-gating were similar (P = n.s.): 86, 83, 98, and 33%. Combining CTCA with stress-only SPECT revealed 100% clinical agreement with regard to perfusion defects, and provided additional information in half the patients on preclinical coronary findings. Effective radiation dose was 2.2 ± 0.7 mSv for CTCA with prospective ECG-triggering, and 19.7 ± 4.2 mSv with retrospective ECG-gating (P < 0.001) (5.4 ± 0.8 vs. 24.1 ± 4.3 mSv for hybrid imaging). Conclusion Prospective ECG-triggering for CTCA reduces radiation dose by almost 90% without affecting diagnostic performance. Combined imaging with stress-only SPECT is an attractive alternative to standard stress/rest-SPECT for evaluation of coronary artery disease, offering additional information on preclinical atherosclerosis