Faculté des sciences

Polyethylenimine is a strong inhibitor of human papillomavirus and cytomegalovirus infection

Spoden, Gilles A. ; Besold, Katrin ; Krauter, Steffi ; Plachter, Bodo ; Hanik, Nils ; Kilbinger, Andreas F. M. ; Lambert, Carsten ; Florin, Luise

In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2012, vol. 56, no. 15, p. 75-82

Polyethylenimines are cationic polymers with potential as delivery vectors in gene therapy and with proven antimicrobial activity. However, the antiviral activity of polyethylenimines has not been addressed in detail thus far. We have studied the inhibitory effects of a linear 25-kDa polyethylenimine on infections with human papillomaviruses and human cytomegaloviruses. Preincubation of cells... More

Add to personal list
    Summary
    Polyethylenimines are cationic polymers with potential as delivery vectors in gene therapy and with proven antimicrobial activity. However, the antiviral activity of polyethylenimines has not been addressed in detail thus far. We have studied the inhibitory effects of a linear 25-kDa polyethylenimine on infections with human papillomaviruses and human cytomegaloviruses. Preincubation of cells with polyethylenimine blocked primary attachment of both viruses to cells, resulting in a significant reduction of infection. In addition, the dissemination of human cytomegalovirus in culture cells was efficiently reduced by recurrent administration of polyethylenimine. Polyethylenimine concentrations required for inhibition of human papillomavirus and cytomegalovirus did not cause any cytotoxic effects. Polyethylenimines and their derivatives may thus be attractive molecules for the development of antiviral microbicides.