Autotransfusion system or integrated automatic suction device in minimized extracorporeal circulation: influence on coagulation and inflammatory response

Jenni, Hansjörg ; Rheinberger, Julia ; Czerny, Martin ; Gygax, Erich ; Rieben, Robert ; Krähenbühl, Eva ; Carrel, Thierry ; Stalder, Mario

In: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 2011, vol. 39, no. 5, p. e139-e143

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    Summary
    Objective: To measure surrogate markers of coagulation activation as well as of the systemic inflammatory response in patients undergoing primary elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using either the so-called Smart suction device or a continuous autotransfusion system (C.A.T.S.®). Methods: Fifty-eight patients being operated with a miniaturized circuit (minimal extracorporeal circuit, MECC) were prospectively randomized to using a so-called Smart suction device or a routine continuous autotransfusion system (C.A.T.S.®) for collection of mediastinal shed blood. The coagulation response was measured by thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT) and D-dimer. The inflammatory response was measured by Interleukin 6 (IL-6) and complement factor 3a (C3a) at three different time points, before surgery, 2h after surgery, as well as 18h after surgery. Results: No serious adverse cardiovascular event was observed. Serum levels of TAT significantly differed between both groups 2h after surgery (Smart suction 16.12±13.51μgl−1 vs C.A.T.S® 9.83±7.81μgl−1, p=0.040) and returned to baseline values after 18h in both groups. Serum levels of D-dimer showed a corresponding pattern with a peak 2h after surgery (Smart suction 1115±1231ngml−1 vs C.A.T.S.® 507±604ngml−1, p=0.025). IL-6 levels also significantly differed between both groups 2h after surgery (Smart suction 186±306pgml−1 vs C.A.T.S.® 82±71pgml−1, p=0.072). No significant changes in serum levels of C3a over time could be observed. Conclusions: Despite no differences in the clinical course of patients with either Smart suction or C.A.T.S.® being observed, surrogate markers of coagulation and inflammation seem to be less pronounced in patients where cardiotomy blood is not being directly reinfused. As such, C.A.T.S.® should be preferred in routine CABG, as long as no extensive volume substitution is anticipated