Faculté des sciences

Liquid−Crystalline Janus-Type Fullerodendrimers Displaying Tunable Smectic−Columnar Mesomorphism

Lenoble, Julie ; Campidelli, Stéphane ; Maringa, Natacha ; Donnio, Bertrand ; Guillon, Daniel ; Yevlampieva, Natalia ; Deschenaux, Robert

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society (JACS), 2007, vol. 129, no. 32, p. 9941–9952

Janus-type liquid−crystalline fullerodendrimers were synthesized via the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddtition of two mesomorphic dendrons and C60. By assembling poly(aryl ester) dendrons functionalized with cyanobiphenyl groups, displaying lamellar mesomorphism, with poly(benzyl ether) dendrons carrying alkyl chains, which display columnar mesomorphism, we could tailor by design the... More

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    Summary
    Janus-type liquid−crystalline fullerodendrimers were synthesized via the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddtition of two mesomorphic dendrons and C60. By assembling poly(aryl ester) dendrons functionalized with cyanobiphenyl groups, displaying lamellar mesomorphism, with poly(benzyl ether) dendrons carrying alkyl chains, which display columnar mesomorphism, we could tailor by design the liquid−crystalline properties of the title compounds as a function of each dendron size. The liquid−crystalline properties were examined by polarized optical microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and X-ray diffraction. Depending on the dendrimer generations, smectic (SmC and/or SmA phases) or columnar (Colr-c2mm or Colr-p2gg phases) mesomorphism was obtained. The supramolecular organization is governed by (1) the adequacy of the cross-sectional area of the dendrons, (2) the microsegregation of the dendrimer, (3) the deformation of the dendritic core, and (4) the dipolar interactions between the cyanobiphenyl groups. Comparison of the mesomorphic properties of two fullerodendrimers with those of model compounds (fullerene-free analogues) indicated that the C60 unit does not influence the type of mesophase that is formed. Molecular properties determined in solution (permanent dipole moment, specific dielectric polarization, molar Kerr constant) confirm that microsegregation persists in solution and strengthen the models proposed for the structure of the mesophases.