Faculté des sciences

Designing Supramolecular Liquid-Crystalline Hybrids from Pyrenyl-Containing Dendrimers and Arene Ruthenium Metallacycles

Pitto-Barry, Anaïs ; Barry, Nicolas P. E ; Russo, Virginie ; Heinrich, Benoît ; Donnio, Bertrand ; Therrien, Bruno ; Deschenaux, Robert

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2014, vol. 136, no. 50, p. 17616-17625

The association of the arene ruthenium metallacycle [Ru4(p- cymene)4(bpe)2(donq)2][DOS]4 (bpe = 1,2- bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene, donq = 5,8-dioxydo-1,4-naphtoquinonato, DOS = dodecyl sulfate) with pyrenyl-functionalized poly(arylester) dendrimers bearing cyanobiphenyl end- groups is reported. The supramolecular dendritic systems display... Plus

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    Summary
    The association of the arene ruthenium metallacycle [Ru4(p- cymene)4(bpe)2(donq)2][DOS]4 (bpe = 1,2- bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene, donq = 5,8-dioxydo-1,4-naphtoquinonato, DOS = dodecyl sulfate) with pyrenyl-functionalized poly(arylester) dendrimers bearing cyanobiphenyl end- groups is reported. The supramolecular dendritic systems display mesomorphic properties as revealed by polarized optical microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and small- angle X-ray scattering measurements. The multicomponent nature of the dendrimers and of the corresponding host–guest supramolecules (i.e., end-group mesogens, dendritic core, pyrene unit, aliphatic spacers, and metallacycle) leads to the formation of highly segregated mesophases with a complex multilayered structure due to the tendency of the various constitutive building-blocks to separate in different organized zones. The pyrenyl dendrimers exhibit a multilayered smectic A-like phase, thereafter referred to as LamSmA phase to emphasize this unaccustomed morphology. As for the corresponding Ru4–metallacycle adducts, they self-organize into a multicontinuous thermotropic cubic phase with the Im3¯m space group symmetry. This represents a unique example of liquid- crystalline behavior observed for such large and complex supramolecular host–guest assemblies. Models of their supramolecular organizations within both mesophases are proposed.