Facoltà di scienze economiche

The impact of the institutional form on the cost efficiency of nursing homes

Di Giorgio, Laura ; Filippini, Massimo ; Masiero, Giuliano

In Switzerland, nursing home services are mainly provided by regulated public and private nonprofit organizations. Some of them are created by local governments as foundations. This provides a unique setting to analyze the impact of the institutional form on the performance of nursing homes. We propose a model where the institutional form is represented as a legal constraint which affects... More

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    Summary
    In Switzerland, nursing home services are mainly provided by regulated public and private nonprofit organizations. Some of them are created by local governments as foundations. This provides a unique setting to analyze the impact of the institutional form on the performance of nursing homes. We propose a model where the institutional form is represented as a legal constraint which affects managers in the decison-making process. Considering a sample of 44 Swiss Italian nursing homes over a 7-years period (1999-2005), we then disentangle persistent inefficiency due to differences in the institutional form from unobserved heterogeneity. The applied estimation strategy provides more accurate estimates of the impact of the institutional form on nursing homes efficiency, as compared to previous studies. Our results suggest that governmental nursing homes are more costly than private and public foundations. These results are consistent across different model specifications.