Faculté des sciences

Pump-probe spectroscopy and velocimetry of cold atoms in a slow beam

Di Domenico, Gianni ; Mileti, Gaetano ; Thomann, Pierre

In: Physical Review A, 2001, vol. 64, no. 043408, p. 1-5

In this paper we report on the first purely “pump-probe” nonlinear laser spectroscopy results in a slow atomic beam. We have observed Raman, Rayleigh, and recoil-induced resonances (RIR) in a continuous beam of slow and cold cesium atoms extracted from a two-dimensional (2D) magneto-optical-trap (MOT) with the moving molasses technique. The RIR enabled us to measure the velocity distribution,... Plus

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    Summary
    In this paper we report on the first purely “pump-probe” nonlinear laser spectroscopy results in a slow atomic beam. We have observed Raman, Rayleigh, and recoil-induced resonances (RIR) in a continuous beam of slow and cold cesium atoms extracted from a two-dimensional (2D) magneto-optical-trap (MOT) with the moving molasses technique. The RIR enabled us to measure the velocity distribution, therefore the average speed (0.6–4 m/s) and temperature (50–500 μK) of the atomic beam. Compared to time of flight, this technique has the advantage of being local, more sensitive in the low-velocity regime (v<1 m/s), and it gives access to transverse velocities and temperatures. Moreover, it may be extended to measure atomic velocities in the 2D MOT source of the atomic beam.