Faculté des lettres et sciences humaines

Experimental micro-histories, private speech and a study of children’s learning and cognitive development = Microhistorias experimentales, habla privada y un estudio del aprendizaje y el desarrollo cognitivo en los niños

Tartas, Valérie ; Perret-Clermont, Anne-Nelly ; Baucal, Aleksandar

In: Journal for the Study of Education and Development / Infancia y Aprendizaje, 2016, vol. 39, no. 4, p. 772-811

In this paper, we present the recent development of a methodological approach originally devised by Perret-Clermont and Schubauer-Leoni called ‘experimental micro-histories’. This approach allows us to investigate processes of change that often seem to be underestimated in the typical experiments used in developmental psychology that focus on the average impact of certain factors. Two dyads... Plus

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    Summary
    In this paper, we present the recent development of a methodological approach originally devised by Perret-Clermont and Schubauer-Leoni called ‘experimental micro-histories’. This approach allows us to investigate processes of change that often seem to be underestimated in the typical experiments used in developmental psychology that focus on the average impact of certain factors. Two dyads were studied in-depth to understand how, for better or for worse, children use elements learned from previous conversations in their subsequent self-regulatory processes. Different trajectories of private-social speech were studied through different phases (child-adult scaffolding phase and a subsequent child-child interaction phase) and will be discussed in order to reconsider the necessity of adopting a micro-historical focus on developmental processes of change.
    Summary
    En este artículo presentamos el desarrollo reciente de un enfoque metodológico originalmente ideado por Perret-Clermont y Schubauer-Leoni denominado ‘microhistorias experimentales’. Este enfoque nos permite investigar procesos de cambio que suelen pasarse por alto en los típicos experimentos que se llevan a cabo en el campo de la psicología del desarrollo y que se centran en el impacto promedio de ciertos factores. En este trabajo, se estudiaron en profundidad dos díadas para entender el modo en que, bien en su beneficio o detrimento, los niños utilizan elementos aprendidos durante conversaciones previas en sus procesos auto-regulatorios posteriores. Se analizaron diferentes trayectorias del habla privada-social durante distintas fases (una fase de andamiaje niño-adulto y una fase posterior de interacción niño-niño), que se debaten a continuación para replantear la necesidad de adoptar un enfoque microhistórico sobre los procesos de cambio en el desarrollo.