Faculté des sciences

Testing isotropy of the universe using the Ramsey resonance technique on ultracold neutron spins

Altarev, I. ; Ban, G. ; Bison, Georg ; Bodek, K. ; Daum, M. ; Fertl, M. ; Fierlinger, P. ; Franke, B. ; Gutsmiedl, E. ; Heil, W. ; Henneck, R. ; Horras, M. ; Khomutov, N. ; Kirch, K. ; Kistryn, S. ; Kraft, A. ; Knecht, A. ; Knowles, Paul E. ; Kozela, A. ; Lauer, T. ; Lauss, B. ; Lefort, T. ; Lemière, Y. ; Mtchedlishvili, A. ; Naviliat-Cuncic, O. ; Pazgalev, Anatoly S. ; Petzoldt, G. ; Piegsa, F.M. ; Pierre, E. ; Pignol, G. ; Quéméner, G. ; Rebetez, M. ; Rebreyend, D. ; Roccia, S. ; Schmidt-Wellenburg, P. ; Severijns, N. ; Sobolev, Yu. ; Weis, Antoine ; Zejma, J. ; Zenner, J. ; Zsigmond, G.

In: Physica B: Condensed Matter, 2011, vol. 406, no. 12, p. 2365-2369

Physics at the Planck scale could be revealed by looking for tiny violations of fundamental symmetries in low energy experiments. In 2008, a sensitive test of the isotropy of the universe has been performed with stored ultracold neutrons (UCN), this is the first clock-comparison experiment performed with free neutrons. During several days we monitored the Larmor frequency of neutron spins in a... More

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    Summary
    Physics at the Planck scale could be revealed by looking for tiny violations of fundamental symmetries in low energy experiments. In 2008, a sensitive test of the isotropy of the universe has been performed with stored ultracold neutrons (UCN), this is the first clock-comparison experiment performed with free neutrons. During several days we monitored the Larmor frequency of neutron spins in a weak magnetic field using the Ramsey resonance technique. A nonzero cosmic axial field, violating rotational symmetry, would induce a daily variation of the precession frequency. Our null result constitutes one of the most stringent tests of Lorentz invariance to date.