Up-regulation of ryanodine receptor expression increases the calcium-induced calcium release and spontaneous calcium signals in cerebral arteries from hindlimb unloaded rats

Morel, Jean-Luc ; Dabertrand, Fabrice ; Porte, Yves ; Prevot, Anne ; Macrez, Nathalie

In: Pflügers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology, 2014, vol. 466, no. 8, p. 1517–1528

Microgravity induces a redistribution of blood volume. Consequently, astronauts' body pressure is modified so that the upright blood pressure gradient is abolished, thereby inducing a modification in cerebral blood pressure. This effect is mimicked in the hindlimb unloaded rat model. After a duration of 8 days of unloading, Ca²⁺ signals activated by depolarization and... More

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    Summary
    Microgravity induces a redistribution of blood volume. Consequently, astronauts' body pressure is modified so that the upright blood pressure gradient is abolished, thereby inducing a modification in cerebral blood pressure. This effect is mimicked in the hindlimb unloaded rat model. After a duration of 8 days of unloading, Ca²⁺ signals activated by depolarization and inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate intracellular release were increased in cerebral arteries. In the presence of ryanodine and thapsigargin, the depolarization-induced Ca²⁺ signals remained increased in hindlimb suspended animals, indicating that Ca²⁺ influx and Ca²⁺-induced Ca²⁺ release mechanism were both increased. Spontaneous Ca²⁺ waves and localized Ca²⁺ events were also investigated. Increases in both amplitude and frequency of spontaneous Ca²⁺ waves were measured in hindlimb suspension conditions. After pharmacological segregation of Ca²⁺ sparks and Ca²⁺ sparklets, their kinetic parameters were characterized. Hindlimb suspension induced an increase in the frequencies of both Ca²⁺ localized events, suggesting an increase of excitability. Labeling with bodipy compounds suggested that voltage-dependent Ca²⁺ channels and ryanodine receptor expressions were increased. Finally, the expression of the ryanodine receptor subtype 1 (RyR1) was increased in hindlimb unloading conditions. Taken together, these results suggest that RyR1 expression and voltage-dependent Ca²⁺ channels activity are the focal points of the regulation of Ca²⁺ signals activated by vasoconstriction in rat cerebral arteries with an increase of the voltage-dependent Ca²⁺ influx.