Faculté des sciences

Positive periodic solutions of an epidemic model with seasonality

Sun, Gui-Quan ; Bai, Zhenguo ; Zhang, Zi-Ke ; Zhou, Tao ; Jin, Zhen

In: The Scientific World Journal, 2013, vol. 2013, p. -

An SEI autonomous model with logistic growth rate and its corresponding nonautonomous model are investigated. For the autonomous case, we give the attractive regions of equilibria and perform some numerical simulations. Basic demographic reproduction Rd number is obtained. Moreover, only the basic reproduction number R0 cannot ensure the existence of the positive equilibrium, which needs... More

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    Summary
    An SEI autonomous model with logistic growth rate and its corresponding nonautonomous model are investigated. For the autonomous case, we give the attractive regions of equilibria and perform some numerical simulations. Basic demographic reproduction Rd number is obtained. Moreover, only the basic reproduction number R0 cannot ensure the existence of the positive equilibrium, which needs additional condition Rd > R1. For the nonautonomous case, by introducing the basic reproduction number defined by the spectral radius, we study the uniform persistence and extinction of the disease. The results show that for the periodic system the basic reproduction number is more accurate than the average reproduction number.