Faculté des sciences

Satellite and hypersatellite structures of Lα1,2 and Lβ1 x-ray transitions in mid-Z atoms multiply ionized by fast oxygen ions

Czarnota, M. ; Banaś, D. ; Berset, Michel ; Chmielewska, D. ; Dousse, Jean-Claude ; Hoszowska, Joanna ; Maillard, Yves-Patrick ; Mauron, Olivier ; Pajek, M. ; Polasik, M. ; Raboud, Pierre-Alexandre ; Rzadkiewicz, J. ; Słabkowska, K. ; Sujkowski, Z.

In: Physical Review A, 2014, vol. 88, no. 5, p. 052505

A detailed investigation of the Lα1,2 (L3→M4,5) and Lβ1 (L2→M4) x-ray satellite and hypersatellite structures in zirconium, molybdenum, and palladium atoms multiply ionized by impact with 278.6-MeV oxygen ions is reported. The x-ray spectra were measured with a high-resolution von Hamos bent crystal spectrometer. For the interpretation of the complex spectral features, relativistic... More

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    Summary
    A detailed investigation of the Lα1,2 (L3→M4,5) and Lβ1 (L2→M4) x-ray satellite and hypersatellite structures in zirconium, molybdenum, and palladium atoms multiply ionized by impact with 278.6-MeV oxygen ions is reported. The x-ray spectra were measured with a high-resolution von Hamos bent crystal spectrometer. For the interpretation of the complex spectral features, relativistic multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock calculations were performed for all multivacancy configurations expected to contribute to the observed spectra. The data analysis clearly demonstrates that the spectra are dominated by structures originating from (L−1M−mN−n) satellite and (L−2M−mN−n) hypersatellite transitions corresponding to the radiative decay of the excited multivacancy configurations. The ionization probabilities of the L and M shell were determined from the data and compared with theoretical predictions from the geometrical model and the semiclassical approximation, using in the latter case both relativistic hydrogenlike and self-consistent Dirac-Hartree-Fock wave functions. The results support the independent electron picture of the multiple ionization. They also show the importance of using relativistic and self-consistent electronic wave functions for the L and M shells.