Faculté des lettres

Au-pairs are rarely male: Role names’ gender stereotype information across three languages.

Gabriel, Ute ; Gygax, Pascal ; Sarrasin, Oriane ; Garnham, Alan ; Oakhill, Jane

This study aims to evaluate people’s gender representation of role names across three different languages, English, French and German. In order to provide norms for role names to be further used in research on gender stereotyping, 362 participants filled in a questionnaire about their estimates of the proportion of men and women in different roles. Role names are any names that incorporate... Plus

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    Summary
    This study aims to evaluate people’s gender representation of role names across three different languages, English, French and German. In order to provide norms for role names to be further used in research on gender stereotyping, 362 participants filled in a questionnaire about their estimates of the proportion of men and women in different roles. Role names are any names that incorporate features used to describe a person or a group of people, such as hobbies (e.g. soccer fan) or occupations (e.g. dentists, actors or students). As role names are particularly prone to gender stereotypes (Baudino, 2001), they are often used to investigate, for example, the influence of stereotypes on reading comprehension (e.g., Duffy & Keir, 2004; Garnham, Oakhill & Reynolds, 2002; Kennison & Trofe, 2003; Oakhill, Garnham & Reynolds, 2005; Sturt, 2003). Gender perceptions of professional occupations were previously investigated by Shinar (1975), Beggs and Doolittle (1993) and Couch and Sigler (2001) for US samples and by Sastre, Fouquereau, Igier, Salvatore and Mullet (2000) for Spanish and French samples. Only recently Kennison and Trofe (2003) provided norms for 405 English role names.