Faculté des lettres

Gender representation in language: More than meets the eye.

Gygax, Pascal ; Gabriel, Ute

In this chapter, we review theoretical and empirical advances in our understanding of the way readers construct a mental representation of gender. First, we introduce the different cognitive processes at the very base of any inference and explain the different top-down and bottom-up sources of information that may or may not interact when constructing a coherent representation of gender. Second,... Plus

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    Summary
    In this chapter, we review theoretical and empirical advances in our understanding of the way readers construct a mental representation of gender. First, we introduce the different cognitive processes at the very base of any inference and explain the different top-down and bottom-up sources of information that may or may not interact when constructing a coherent representation of gender. Second, we present some empirical research on the topic, mostly conducted on adult readers, based on English, French, German, Italian, Norwegian and Spanish. Third and finally, we consider the different implications of the work presented in terms of both fundamental advances in language and cognition as well as the effects it could have upon societal issues. Some future directions are suggested.