Faculté des sciences

Thermal conductivity of concentrated colloids in different states

Shalkevich, Natallia ; Shalkevich, Andrey ; Brügi, Thomas

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2010, vol. 114, no. 21, p. 9568–9572

The thermal conductivity of concentrated colloids in fluid, glass, and gel states was analyzed. SiO₂ colloids at 10−31 vol % and Al₂O₃ colloids at 4.8 vol % in the fluid, the gel, and the glassy states were studied by dynamic light scattering, rheology, and transmission electron microscopy. Thermal conductivity of the three states was measured as a function of volume fraction. For the... Plus

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    Summary
    The thermal conductivity of concentrated colloids in fluid, glass, and gel states was analyzed. SiO₂ colloids at 10−31 vol % and Al₂O₃ colloids at 4.8 vol % in the fluid, the gel, and the glassy states were studied by dynamic light scattering, rheology, and transmission electron microscopy. Thermal conductivity of the three states was measured as a function of volume fraction. For the fluid and gel states the thermal conductivity increases almost linearly with concentration, reaching roughly 18% enhancement for silica at a volume fraction of 31 vol %. In contrast, in the glass state thermal conductivity strongly decreases with increasing volume fraction.