Faculté des sciences

Monolayer properties of 1,3-diamidophospholipids

Fedotenko, lllya A. ; Stefaniu, Cristina ; Brezesinski, Gerald ; Zumbuehl, Andreas

In: Langmuir, 2013, vol. 29, no. 30, p. 9428–9435

While nature provides an endless variety of phospholipids presenting hydrolyzable ester linkages for the 1,2-positioned hydrocarbon tails, we designed and synthesized 1,3-diamidophospholipids which contain stable fatty acid amides. These new phospholipids form faceted unilamellar vesicles with mechanosensitive properties. Aiming to understand the mechanism responsible for this behavior at a... Plus

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    Summary
    While nature provides an endless variety of phospholipids presenting hydrolyzable ester linkages for the 1,2-positioned hydrocarbon tails, we designed and synthesized 1,3-diamidophospholipids which contain stable fatty acid amides. These new phospholipids form faceted unilamellar vesicles with mechanosensitive properties. Aiming to understand the mechanism responsible for this behavior at a molecular level, we investigated the 1,3-diamidophospholipid family in monolayers, a simplified model membrane system. Langmuir isotherms combined with in situ grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD), specular X-ray reflectivity (XR), and infrared reflection–absorption spectroscopy (IRRAS) allowed the characterization of the monolayers from a structural and thermodynamical point of view. The existence of strong headgroup interactions due to the formation of a hydrogen-bonding network was clearly revealed by IRRAS and by the high rigidity of the monolayers. GIXD showed that only the longer chain compounds of the series (Pad-PC-Pad (1,3-dipalmitamidopropan-2-phosphocholine) and Sad-PC-Sad (1,3-distearamidopropan-2-phosphocholine) were able to form ordered monolayers. The chains are strongly tilted in a rigid lattice formed due to these hydrogen-bonding interactions between the headgroups. The thermodynamical analysis leads to a critical temperature of the monolayer which is clearly different from the main phase transition temperature in bulk, indicating that there must be a different structural arrangement of the 1,3-diamidophospholipids in monolayers and in bilayers.