Faculté des sciences

Influence of Dose and Ratio of Mixtures of Pheronome Components on the Attraction of the Tropical Bont Tick, Amblyomma Variegatum

McMahon, Conor ; Guerin, Patrick M.

In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference “Ticks and Tick-borne Pathogens : Into the 21st Century”, 2000, p. 199-204

The responses of A. variegatum adults to constituents ot 'their aggregation-attraction pheromone presented in an air stream were studied using a locomotion compensator. The responses to vapours from two mixtures were compared, the first a 1:1 mixture of o-nitrophenol and methyl salicylale, the second a four component mixture ® containing o-nitrophenol, methyl salicylale, 2,6... Plus

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    Summary
    The responses of A. variegatum adults to constituents ot 'their aggregation-attraction pheromone presented in an air stream were studied using a locomotion compensator. The responses to vapours from two mixtures were compared, the first a 1:1 mixture of o-nitrophenol and methyl salicylale, the second a four component mixture ® containing o-nitrophenol, methyl salicylale, 2,6 dichlorophenol and phenyl acetaldehyde in the ratio 10:10:2:1, respectively. No difference was found between the kineses responses of A. variegatum adults for either mixture: both elicited an increase in angular velocity and a reduction in speed. Moreover, attraction to vapours of either mixture was reduced significantly as the source dose was increased: both mixtures were good attractants at a source dose of 10 μg of the main components, but were not attractive at source doses 100 times higher. As with many other arthropods, A. variegatum adults arc responsive to the ratio, as well as to the dose, of constituents in an attractant mix. We suggest that the quantity and ratios of compounds in attractive mixtures released from commercial dispensers should be measured before use in any control programme.