Faculté des sciences

Melilite-group minerals at Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania

Wiedenmann, Daniel ; Keller, Jörg ; Zaitsev, Anatoly N.

In: Lithos, 2010, p. -

Oldoinyo Lengai and the volcanic centres of the Lake Natron–Engaruka province contain melilite as a widespread mineral. Extraordinarily Na–Al-rich melilites (up to 6 wt.% Na₂O and 9 wt.% Al₂O₃) from recent explosive eruptions are among the most Na-rich ever reported. Their unusual mineral composition leads to optical properties with vivid birefringence colours of 2nd order. The... Di più

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    Summary
    Oldoinyo Lengai and the volcanic centres of the Lake Natron–Engaruka province contain melilite as a widespread mineral. Extraordinarily Na–Al-rich melilites (up to 6 wt.% Na₂O and 9 wt.% Al₂O₃) from recent explosive eruptions are among the most Na-rich ever reported. Their unusual mineral composition leads to optical properties with vivid birefringence colours of 2nd order. The continuous variation in mineral composition from common åkermanite to Na–Al–melilite (alumoåkermanite) is documented and reflects the whole peralkaline trend of Oldoinyo Lengai. The data presented allow the volcano's evolution from primitive olivine melilitites to highly evolved and peralkaline combeite–wollastonite nephelinites to be traced. Melilite compositions of Oldoinyo Lengai extend the magmatic field in the Ca₂Fe(Si₂O₇)–Ca₂Mg(Si₂O₇)–(CaNa)Al(Si₂O₇) end-member ternary compositional diagram.