Faculté des sciences

A continuous beam of slow, cold cesium atoms magnetically extracted from a 2D magneto-optical trap

Berthoud, Patrick ; Joyet, Alain ; Dudle, Gregor ; Sagna, N. ; Thomann, Pierre

In: EPL (Europhysics Letters), 1998, vol. 41, no. 2, p. 141-146

Starting from a 2D magneto-optical trap where cesium atoms are permanently subjected to 3D sub-Doppler cooling and 2D magneto-optical trapping, we have produced a beam of cold atoms continuously extracted along the trap axis. The simplest extraction mechanism, presently used, is the drift velocity induced by a constant magnetic field. We have used this continuous beam of atoms to produce Ramsey... Plus

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    Summary
    Starting from a 2D magneto-optical trap where cesium atoms are permanently subjected to 3D sub-Doppler cooling and 2D magneto-optical trapping, we have produced a beam of cold atoms continuously extracted along the trap axis. The simplest extraction mechanism, presently used, is the drift velocity induced by a constant magnetic field. We have used this continuous beam of atoms to produce Ramsey fringes in a microwave cavity as a first demonstration of an atomic resonator operating continuously with laser cooled atoms. The shape of the resonance pattern allows an estimate of the axial temperature, typically 200 μK. The average velocity can be adjusted from 0.7 to 3 m/s; the trap-to-atomic-beam conversion efficiency is close to one.