Faculté des sciences

Andalucia (n. gen.)—the Deepest Branch Within Jakobids (Jakobida; Excavata), Based on Morphological and Molecular Study of a New Flagellate from Soil

Lara, Enrique ; Chatzinotas, Antonis ; Simpson, Alastair G. B.

In: Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 2006, vol. 53, no. 2, p. 112-120

A new heterotrophic flagellate (Andalucia godoyi n. gen. n. sp.) is described from soil. Earlier preliminary 18S rRNA analyses had indicated a relationship with the phylogenetically difficult-to-place jakobid Jakoba incarcerata. Andalucia godoyi is a small (3–5 μm) biflagellated cell with a ventral feeding groove. It has tubular mitochondrial cristae. There are two major... Plus

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    Summary
    A new heterotrophic flagellate (Andalucia godoyi n. gen. n. sp.) is described from soil. Earlier preliminary 18S rRNA analyses had indicated a relationship with the phylogenetically difficult-to-place jakobid Jakoba incarcerata. Andalucia godoyi is a small (3–5 μm) biflagellated cell with a ventral feeding groove. It has tubular mitochondrial cristae. There are two major microtubular roots (R1, R2) and a singlet root associated with basal body 1 (posterior). The microtubular root R1 is associated with non-microtubular fibres "I,""B," and "A," and divides in two parts, while R2 is associated with a "C" fibre. These structures support the anterior portion of the groove. Several features of A. godoyi are characteristic of jakobids: (i) there is a single dorsal vane on flagellum 2; (ii) the C fibre has the jakobid multilaminate substructure; (iii) the dorsal fan of microtubules originates in very close association with basal body 2; and (iv) there is no "R4" microtubular root associated with basal body 2. Morphological analyses incorporating the A. godoyi data strongly support the monophyly of all jakobids. Our 18S rRNA phylogenies place A. godoyi and J. incarcerata as a strong clade, which falls separately from other jakobids. Statistical tests do not reject jakobid monophyly, but a specific relationship between Jakoba libera and J. incarcerata and/or A. godoyi is rejected. Therefore, we have established a new genus Andalucia n. gen. with the type species Andalucia godoyi n. sp., and transfer Jakoba incarcerata to Andalucia as Andalucia incarcerata n. comb.