Faculté des lettres et sciences humaines

De la langue de bois à la langue des médias, ou comment une "petite" langue comme le bulgare évolue au gré des changements politiques

Novakova, Iva

In: Bulletin VALS-ASLA, 2006, vol. 83, no. 2, p. 187-199

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    This paper deals with the changes in Bulgarian after 1989. The establishment of the democratic society in Bulgaria provokes also a revolution in the language. Firstly, the features of the "official gobbledegook" (OED) (langue de bois) of the press before 1989 are compared with the new speak after 1989. After the democratic changes in Bulgaria, the yellow press dominates the mediatical space. Secondly, I analyze the lexical and morphosyntactical marks of the new speak. The lexicon of the press is now more individual, rich, "colored". Several loan words from English or Turkish supplies the Russian borrowings in Bulgarian. The morphosyntax is also concerned: more frequent verbal phrases, causative transitivation, subject-object inversion, etc. Ultimately a brief survey is given of the social and sociolinguistical reactions in the Bulgarian society in connexion with the new speak of the bulgarian press.