Faculté des sciences

Bimanual Coordination of Bowing and Fingering in Violinists—Effects of Position Changes and String Changes

Kazennikov, Oleg V. ; Wiesendanger, Mario

In: Motor Control, 2009, vol. 13, no. 3, p. 297-309

Music performance is based on demanding motor control with much practice from young age onward. We have chosen to investigate basic bimanual movements played by violin amateurs and professionals. We posed the question whether position and string changes, two frequent mechanisms, may influence the time interval bowing (right)-fingering (left) coordination. The objective was to measure bimanual... Plus

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    Summary
    Music performance is based on demanding motor control with much practice from young age onward. We have chosen to investigate basic bimanual movements played by violin amateurs and professionals. We posed the question whether position and string changes, two frequent mechanisms, may influence the time interval bowing (right)-fingering (left) coordination. The objective was to measure bimanual coordi­nation, i.e., with or without position changes and string changes. The tendency was that the bimanual coordination was statistically only slightly increased or even unchanged but not perceptible. We conclude that the coordination index is limited up to100 ms intervals, without any erroneous perception. Although the mentioned posi­tion changes and string changes are movements with their timing, they are executed in parallel rather than in series with the bow-fingering coordination.